A brain injury can be caused by any type of blow to the head–regardless of whether the skull and brain are penetrated. It’s also possible to sustain a brain injury without trauma. Some types of brain damage are caused by exposure to toxic substances or even poisoning.
The brain is the organ responsible for sending signals throughout the body. Therefore, the impact of a brain injury can manifest in different parts of the body. Contact our St. Petersburg law office today at (727) 796-8282 for a free case consultation.
What Are The Different Types of Brain Injury?
As an initial matter, brain injuries are classified as “open-head injuries” or “closed-head injuries.”
What is an Open-Head Injury?
Open-head injuries occur when the skull is penetrated and the brain tissue itself is wounded. Typically, these injuries happen when a foreign object connects with the head using extreme force.
Some examples of open-head injury cases include:
- Linear skull fractures
- Diastatic skull fractures, which are most common in babies
- Depressed skull fractures
- Basilar skull fractures
It can be extremely difficult to judge the severity of an open-wound head injury without medical help. Some of these injuries cause extreme bleeding with little damage to the brain. In other cases, pieces of the skull or a foreign object may be embedded in the brain tissue.
Regardless of the circumstances, it’s always critical to seek medical attention immediately if you or a loved one have suffered an open-head injury.
What is a Closed-Head Injury?
With a closed head injury, the brain is damaged without any penetration of the skull or brain tissue. Some accidents are forceful enough that the brain moves violently back and forth within the skull. That contact with the skull can be sufficient to cause serious brain damage.
Some of the most common types of closed-head injury include:
- Coup-Contrecoup Brain Injuries
- Diffuse axonal injury
- Epidural hematoma
- Subdural hematoma
- Subarachnoid hemorrhage
- Intraparenchymal hemorrhage
Many of these injuries can cause bleeding in the vessels surrounding the brain tissue. Even without a penetrating injury, closed-head injuries can lead to serious brain damage.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Brain Injuries?
Even though traumatic brain injuries are extremely common, they aren’t always easy to diagnose. Some symptoms might not appear for a few hours or even days after an accident.
Some of the signs and symptoms to watch for include:
- Loss of consciousness (even for a moment)
- Dizziness or vision problems
- Hearing problems or a ringing in the ears
- Nausea and vomiting
- Memory loss or confusion
- Personality changes
- Tingling or numbness in the hands, feet, or limbs
- Difficulty walking or speaking
- Extreme fatigue
- Unexplained headaches
- Agitation or irritability
- Loss of appetite
Many brain injury victims can make a full recovery. However, others may experience life-changing consequences. Regardless of how you were hurt, it’s always important to have a qualified doctor examine you after an accident to increase your chances of recovering.
What are the Long-Term Consequences of Brain Injuries?
The long-term consequences of any brain injury can depend on a number of factors, including the severity of the injury and the part of the brain that was damaged.
Some of the most common long-term consequences of a serious brain injury include:
- Problems with motor function
- Loss of mobility and paralysis
- Memory loss
- Loss of speech
- Difficulty understanding others
- Problems with spatial perception
- Changes in mood
- Cognitive problems, including problems thinking and reasoning
- Loss of inhibitions
Some types of brain damage are so serious that the victim never recovers.
What Causes Most Brain Injuries?
Any type of head trauma can cause a brain injury. The following accidents are common sources of brain damage:
- Car accidents
- Slip and fall accidents
- Motorcycle accidents
- Pedestrian accidents
- Bicycle accidents
- Truck accidents
- Bus accidents
- Uber or Lyft accidents
- Boating accidents
- Construction accidents
- Workplace accidents
- Dog bites
- Defective products
- Medical malpractice
- Nursing home abuse and neglect
- Assault and violence
If you were involved in one of the accidents listed above, you should seek medical attention immediately.
What Compensation Can I Recover for My Brain Injuries
Even if your brain injury was relatively “mild,” it’s possible that you could suffer permanent damage. Over the course of a lifetime, the financial and personal costs can add up. If someone else caused your brain injury, you could be entitled to damages.
Your economic losses include your financial expenses, such as:
- Past and future medical expenses
- Lost wages
- Lost future earning capacity
- Long-term care
- In-home assistance
- And more
Your non-economic damages may include:
- Pain and suffering
- Mental anguish
- Diminished quality of life
- Loss of your independence
- Anxiety or depression
- Loss of consortium
Shared fault can also impact how much your case is worth. If an at-fault party or their insurance company succeeds in blaming you for the accident, you will only receive a portion of your settlement under Florida contributory fault laws.
Treating a serious TBI can cost hundreds of thousands of dollars. The best way to make sure you’re getting a fair settlement is to work with an experienced attorney.
How Long Do I Have to File a Brain Injury Lawsuit in Florida?
Florida law gives most accident victims four years to file a personal injury lawsuit. If your brain injury was caused by medical malpractice, you’d have only two years to take legal action after you discover the injury.
There are serious consequences to missing the deadline. You could lose your right to seek compensation entirely.
Contact a St. Petersburg Personal Injury Lawyer for a Free Consultation
Do you have questions about your legal rights after sustaining a brain injury? Call an experienced St. Petersburg personal injury lawyer at Perenich, Caulfield, Avril & Noyes for a free consultation today.
We’ve been advocating for injured clients across the Tampa Bay area since 1955–making us the oldest personal injury firm in Tampa Bay. We’ve recovered more than $675 million in compensation over the years.
To get the legal help you need, just call our law offices in St. Petersburg, Florida, to schedule a free consultation today.